[Event] Privacy Protection, GDPR and Free Trade: An Appraisal of the EU-Japan Relations

In May 2018, General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is due to come into force. By GDPR, how will privacy protection and free trade between EU and Japan change? We invite Prof. Vigjilenca Abazi, an Emile Nöel Fellow at NYU School of Law and Assistant Professor of European law at Maastricht University, the Netherlands to understand implications for data privacy and free trade.

Date: July 2nd, 2018 (Mon) 13:00-14:30
Venue: The University of Tokyo, Ito International Research Center, Seminar room 3rd floor 【Map
Lecture: Vigjilenca Abazi, Emile Nöel Fellow at NYU School of Law and Assistant Professor of European law at Maastricht University, the Netherlands
Discussant: Takayuki Matsuo, Attorney at Law, Momo-o Matsuo & Namba, Lecturer (Part Time) at Keio University
Moderator: Arisa Ema, Policy Alternative Research Institute, The University of Tokyo
Capacity: 50 seats
Fee: Free
Language: English
Application form: Register here
Organizer: Policy Alternatives Research Institute
Co-Organizer AIR,  Beneficial AI JapanSTIG (Science, technology, and Innovation Governance) Education and Research Unit

Privacy Protection, GDPR and Free Trade: An Appraisal of the EU-Japan Relations

Negotiations for the world’s largest free trade agreement were recently concluded by Japan and the European Union. As of March 2018, Japan is also a signatory of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), joining 11 countries after the US withdrew from the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). These trade agreements aim to mark a ‘new era’ in cooperation and have a global impact through trade partnerships. Yet, another key aspect of these agreements, although somewhat hidden from public view and debate, is the role of free data flows and data privacy. On the European side, in January 2018 the European Commission announced that it would endorse provisions for data flows and data protection in EU trade agreements. Furthermore, as of 25 May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will enter into force in the EU, having direct implications for businesses globally, including Japan. The EU and Japan, in a joint statement, stressed the importance of ensuring a high level of data privacy, acknowledging it as a fundamental right and as a central factor of consumer trust in the digital economy. Experts have argued that the EU would use the GDPR as a condition for free data flows, which would in turn imply complementing the existing adequacy assessment procedures and promoting the GDPR as the global standard. Hence, questions arise as to whether these legal regimes collide and what are the implications for the EU-Japan partnership? Will European privacy rules indeed dominate and is the economic partnership with Japan a first step towards a larger trend in this direction? This lecture addresses these issues and questions with the focus on the EU-Japan relations, particularly through the lens of data privacy and implications for free trade. Mapping the recent developments, the applicable legal regimes as well as noting the key features of the GDPR, the lecture aims to provide an understanding of the issues and dynamics at stake relevant both for privacy and free trade in the EU and Japan relations.


Bio of Vigjilenca Abazi, PhD

Vigjilenca Abazi is an Emile Nöel Fellow at NYU School of Law and Assistant Professor of European law at Maastricht University, the Netherlands. Dr Abazi obtained her PhD degree at University of Amsterdam and was a Fulbright Scholar at Columbia Law School. She has written extensively on issues of secrecy, whistleblower protection and privacy in the European context, including a monograph published by Oxford University Press (forthcoming, 2018). On issues of whistleblower and privacy protection, Vigjilenca has advised European Union institutions and the Council of Europe, including drafting a legislative bill on protecting whistleblowers in the European Union. She is a Board member in many leading European academic journals and has more than twenty scientific publications.  Upon invitation, Dr Abazi has given numerous lectures including at Harvard Law School, Oxford University, and Columbia University. She has also been invited to present her research at the European Parliament and the Dutch Parliament.

Policy Alternatives Research Institute, The University of Tokyo



[Event] Appropriate distance between humans and machines: Robot, AI, and Enhancement

The relationship between people, robots, and artificial intelligence is getting increasingly complicated.
At the same time, this poses a strong question: what is intelligence with humans?
Can people and machines have emotional bonds?
Do machines extend human functions?
And how researchers’ responsibilities and innovation should be different among countries?
This event, France, Russia, and Japanese researchers will introduce the relationship between people and machines and various examples of
research trends.

■Date:May 12, 2018 (Sat)  10:00-12:30 (Open 9:30)
■Venue:Seihoku Gallery, The University of Tokyo【Map】
10:00-10:05    Opening remarks:Arisa Ema(The University of Tokyo, Japan)

10:05-10:40    Lecture 1:Laurence Devillers (Paris-Sorbonne University, France)
  Affective and Social Dimensions in Spoken Interaction: Technological and Ethical Issues

L. Devillers is a Full Professor of Computer Science at Paris-Sorbonne University and she leads a team of research on ‘Affective and Social Dimensions of Spoken Interactions’ at the CNRS. Her background is on machine learning, speech recognition, spoken dialog system and evaluation. Since 2001, she is working on affective computing and participates in BPI ROMEO then ROMEO2 project, which has the main goal of building a social humanoid robot. She leads the European CHIST-ERA project JOKER: JOKe and Empathy of a Robot. She has (co-) authored more than 150 publications (h-index=36). She is a member of AAAC (board), IEEE, ACL, ISCA and AFCP. She is involved in the Eurobotics Topic Groups: “Natural Interaction with Social Robots” and “Socially intelligent robots”. She is member of the working group on the ethics of the research in robotics (CERNA) and heads the Machine Learning/AI and Ethics WG. She is also involved in the Affective Computing Committee of the IEEE Global Initiative for Ethical Considerations in the Design of Autonomous Systems (2016) and leads the working group P7008 on nudging.


10:40-11:15    Lecture 2:Hirotaka Osawa (University of Tsukuba, Japan)
   Human-Agent Interaction as Substitution of Emotional Labor

Dr. Hirotaka Osawa is an assistant professor in University of Tsukuba. His research field is in human-agent interaction, particularly anthropomorphization of an object. His own research focuses on how human-like appearance and attitude improves interaction between a user and machines. He wants to create universal users interface experiences using our innate response to the world. His research interest is an improvement of today’s complex household appliances. Dr. Osawa received his PhD in Engineering, MS and BS in Computer Science from Keio University.


11:15-11:50    Lecture 3:Elena Seredkina (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Russia)
  Stakeholder Opinion Survey in Japan and Russia on AI/robots: Global and national perspectives

Dr. Elena Seredkina gained her PhD degree at Saint Petersburg State University in the field of History of Philosophy (2005). She has been working on the philosophy of science and technology at Philosophy and Law Department of Perm National Research Polytechnic University since 2003. Head of the Youth Department of the Union of Artificial Intelligence at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow (2006-2007). Being involved in the research of Technology assessment as a Head of the research laboratory RRI_Lab (since 2014) at the global and national level she has been one of the main leaders on this topic in Russia and constantly works in an interdisciplinary team on the TA/RRI projects. Her research focuses on philosophical and methodological problems of technology, national models of technology assessment and “participatory turn” as a RRI approach.


11:50-12:25    Lecture 4:Kojiro Honda (Kanazawa Medical University)
  What is Body-conservatism 

He started his academic career as an assistant professor at Kanazawa Institute of Technology, where he worked toward a launch of engineering ethics course as a member of Applied Ethics Center for Engineering and Science in 2004-2006. Then he moved to Doshisha University, where he worked toward a launch of academic writing course in 2007-2010. Then he studied history of Japanese science policy as a research coordinator of ITEC (Institute of Technology, Enterprise, and Competitiveness in Doshisha Business School) in 2011. From 2012 he has taught medical ethics at Kanazawa Medical University and from 2016 he has been an associate professor there. His main subject of research is philosophy of technology, especially philosophy and ethics of “Transhumanism”. He was one of foundation members of Society for Applied Philosophy of Robotics in 2011.

12:25-12:30   Closing remarks:Hideaki Shiroyama (The University of Tokyo)

■Capacity:50 seats
■Fee: Free
■Lauguage: English
■Application form: Resistrer
■Organizer: Policy Alternatives Research Institute
■Co-Organizer AIR,  Beneficial AI JapanNext Generation Artificial Intelligence Research Center

Policy Alternatives Research Institute, The University of Tokyo




IEEE Ethically Aligned Design version2 Workshop Series

The IEEE Ethically Aligned Design (EAD) document has been created by the IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems. It aims to move beyond the excessive fear and expectations associated with AI and increase innovation by creating ethically aligned designed AI.

The goal of our workshops is to understand the content of EAD version 2 and create a network among AI/IT researchers, social science and humanities researchers, industries, policy makers and other stakeholders. We also send the feedback from our discussions to the IEEE Global Initiative.

Go to website for detail information.